Learn Your Pokemon Move Types: Special vs Physical

posted in: Pokemon Blog | 0

 

Game mistake #3:

Pokemon Move Types - KadabraReplacing Kadabra’s move Psybeam with Psycho Cut.

 

It’s Gen4 (Pokemon Pearl) and my team includes a Kadabra with Psybeam, Teleport, Recover, and a random TM move. One day it levels up and is ready to learn a new move …Psycho cut.  Psycho cut has damage 70, and Psybeam is damage 65. Seems like an obvious choice …Ok, I decide to forget Psybeam and replace the move with Psycho cut.

Next battle: my Kadabra is worthless. Psycho Cut is hardly doing any damage at all compared to the old Psybeam. Opponents that use to faint after one hit are now taking four attacks to defeat. What the heck happened!?

This is when I learned that all those ‘stats’ (attack, special attack, defense, special defense, speed) that flash by the screen when a Pokemon levels up actually matter.

Pokemon Base Stats

Pokemon Move Set - Psybeam
Psybeam is a special Pokemon move type

Kadabra has base attack stat of 35 and base special attack stat of 120. That is a huge difference! When I selected Psycho Cut I didn’t even know to look at the move type– Psycho cut is a physical type move which corresponds to attack stat, whereas Psybeam is a special type move, which corresponds to special attack stat.

Tips for selecting Pokemon moves: Know your Pokemon’s stats.

  • If it has stronger ‘attack’ stat, then physical moves will have more damage.
  • If it is stronger in ‘special attack’ then special moves will have more damage.

Same Type Attack Bonus

Did You know?

Same Type Attack Bonus (STAB) means your move can deal more damage if it matches the same type as your Pokemon.

You can check your Pokemon’s learnset online to see which moves get an extra ‘bonus’ for being the same type as your Pokemon.

Note: in older generations not all moves that are the same type as your Pokemon will give a same type attack bonus (for example, Kadabra can learn ‘Future Sight’, a psychic, special type move, but in generations 2-4 it does NOT receive same type attack bonus… for some reason.)

Pokemon Damage Formula

If you want to get really technical there is actually a move damage formula to calculate exactly how much damage a move will have. Note that a same type attack bonus increases a move’s damage by 50%!  There is a lot more to consider than just the move power by itself (‘Base’ in the equation.)

Pokemon Damage Formula
from http://bulbapedia.bulbagarden.net/wiki/Damage

If the Pokemon move type is special, then ‘Attack’ and ‘Defense’ are replaced by ‘Special Attack’ and ‘Special Defense’ in the formula above.

And that explains what happen to my Kadabra. Even though Psycho Cut’s ‘Base’ was slightly higher than Psybeam, it caused Kadabra’s ‘Special Attack’ stat to switch to its ‘Attack’ stat in the formula which greatly decreased the overall damage.

Online Pokemon Move Damage Calculator

There are also a few Pokemon move damage calculators online, where you can calculate approximately how much damage your Pokemon will have against an opponent. I have found this calculator really useful in deciding which moves to teach Pokemon.

Online Pokemon Move Damage Calculator

What are my top tips for selecting which move to teach your Pokemon?

Pay attention to your Pokemon’s move type: physical vs. special move as well as your Pokemon’s stats. Also remember moves that are the same type as your Pokemon deal more damage due to same type attack bonus.

Have you ever taught your Pokemon a move and then later regretted it? What are your favorite or least favorite Pokemon moves? Best or worst Pokemon moves?

Comment below!

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